Surface mining in arctic regions is characterized by many unique problems. Continuous and discontinuous permafrost perennially frozen ground occurs in most of the arctic and subarctic areas. Permafrost presents special problems of slope stability. Stability of permafrost depends on its temperature, moisture content and material type. PermafrostGet Price
A warmer climate will make mining possible in parts of the Arctic that were previously inaccessible. The region holds many of the raw materials that will form a key part of green technologies, like the rareearth elements used in batteries for electric cars and wind turbines.
The Energy and Mineral Riches of the Arctic. The Arctic has been the fascination of many people for centuries. Hundreds of years ago, the Europeans saw the Arctics frigid waters as a potential gateway to the Pacific. The region has also been home to many unique native cultures such as the Inuits and Chukchi.
The Arctic contains a wealth of petroleum and mineral resources. Currently, the region produces about one tenth of the world39s oil and a quarter of its natural gas. The Russian Arctic is the source for about 80 percent of this oil and virtually all of the natural gas Arctic Canada, Alaska, and Norway are the other leading producers.
Consequently, the level of miningindustry activity in the region is expected to grow. Over the next 10 years, investment in the Arcticled primarily by the oil and gas and mining industriescould exceed US100 billion 1. The investments and changes needed to develop the Arctics resources will not happen overnight.
The situation is equally uncertain for the mining industry. Norwegian and Russian miners have for decades extracted coal from Arctic islands, such as the Svalbard archipelago , but little serious development until now has taken place, hindered by freezing conditions, little infrastructure and massive operational costs.
The Arctic and its climate were also at the top of the agenda recently when researchers from Denmark, Greenland and Canada met at Aarhus Universitys annual Polar Research Day to discuss how extracting raw materials can be combined with sustainable development in the Arctic region and especially in Greenland.
The fragile Arctic is under threat from both climate change and oil drilling. As climate change melts the Arctic ice, oil companies are moving in to extract more of the fossil fuels that caused
Arctic Natural Resources The natural resources of the Arctic are the mineral and animal resources within the Arctic Circle that can provide utility or economic benefit to humans. The mineral resources include major reserves of oil and natural gas, large quantities of minerals including iron ore, copper, nickle, zinc phosphates and diamonds.
Gold mining continues in Alaska, along with extraction of lead and zinc deposits from the Red Dog Mine, which contains twothirds of U.S. zinc resources. Coal mining also occurs in several areas of the Arctic. Mining activities in the region sustain local economies and are an important contributor of raw materials to the global economy.
Surface mining in arctic regions is characterized by many unique problems. Continuous and discontinuous permafrost perennially frozen ground occurs in most of the arctic and subarctic areas. Permafrost presents special problems of slope stability. Stability of permafrost depends on its temperature, moisture content and material type. Permafrost
Mining in the Arctic The future of the north Each of the Arctic jurisdictions arent going anywhere as more attention is turned to the mineral resources available.
Norway has approved a plan to begin mining for copper in the Arctic, angering environmentalists who fear it will lead to the destruction of reindeer pastures and the pollution of nearby fjords.
Mining. The Arctic holds large quantities of minerals, including phosphate, bauxite, iron ore, copper, and are of pervasive use in industrialized economies. Russia produces an average of 11 M tons of phosphates, 8 of the global output.
Canada is one of the leading mining nations in the world. Mining and mineral processing industries generated 3.4 of the national GDP in 2007 and the country is a leading exporter of minerals and mineral products. Practically all mining takes place outside the Arctic areas of Canada.
Such urban mining operations could also include mining old landfill sites for materials this would follow in the footsteps of China, where companies have been excavating rubbish tips to
On June 30, 2016, the Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority AIDEA submitted a final revised application for the Ambler Mining District Industrial Access Project. The proposal is for the construction and operation of an approximately 200mile long allseason controlledaccess industrial road connecting the Ambler Mining District
Minerals are another highly valuable natural resource in northern polar areas. Uranium, tungsten, nickel, copper, gold and diamonds are among them. These mineral resources remain largely untouched, for the same reasons as the Arctics fossil fuel resources. Yet some mining operations have successfully managed to extract minerals from the
Mining Materials Of The Arctic. Arctic yearbook 3 chinese mining in greenland martin 2018 most western analysis relies exclusively on englishlanguage sources to assess the interests and motivations behind chinese state investments in greenland this article draws extensively on chines
More information Anne Tolvanen et al. Mining in the Arctic environment A review from ecological, socioeconomic and legal perspectives, Journal of Environmental Management 2018. DOI 10.1016
Mining Materials Of The Arctic Arctic Region997 . In view of increasing mining and oil extraction activities in the Arctic region, the EU will work with Arctic partners and the private sector to developAs a priority, within the scope of the external pillar of the Raw Materials Strategy 12 , the EU will actively